The quadrilateral posturing by India, the US, Japan and Australia in the Indo-Pacific is critical to counter the aggression of China in the region. A joint mechanism is to be developed under the agreement to mitigate cyber threats and enhance the security of information communication technology infrastructure in the countries. Background. Vijaynagar, Bangalore 560040, IASBABA, 5B, Pusa Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi – 110005. How are strategic alliances taking shape in the Indo-Pacific region? It will build on an existing dialogue with Japan at a time when both countries face challenges from hacking and other threats emanating from countries such as China and North Korea. What is National Cyber Security Policy 2013 all about? Indian Ocean is rising and strengthening because its littoral states possess more than 2/3 of world’s oil reserves and roughly 35% of world’s gas reserves, 60% of Uranium, 40% of gold and 80% of all diamond deposits. Categories News October 2018 Tags Legislation, National Security, Security, Cyberwarfare, Cyber Weapon, International Cooperation, CNO Hungary increases its scientific cooperation with NATO Posted on October 12, 2018 [MUST WATCH] How to write a good Essay in UPSC Mains Exam? You have successfully subscribed to the newsletter. The two sides will also share information on countering cyber-security threats and develop joint mechanisms to mitigate threats to information communication technology (ICT) infrastructure.Â. Government and the private sector jointly have to give cyber security some priority in their security and risk management plan. The MoU aims to enhance cooperation between the countries in the area of cyberspace and share information on cyber security. To enhance national and global cooperation among security agencies, CERTs, Defense agencies and forces, Law … Comment-(GS 3) .Subscribe IASbhai ... CYBER SECURITY MAINS QUESTION: Roadmap for Digital Cooperation, gently calls for action. Global Groupings; International relations; In News: India and Japan finalised an ambitious agreement on cyber-security to boost cooperation on 5G technology, critical information infrastructure and Artificial Intelligence, and the two countries pledged to work for a free and open Indo-Pacific with diversified supply chains.. Cyber insecurity of individuals, organisations and states is expanding amidst COVID-19. What are the underlying factors of the evolving alliances? Roadmap for Digital Cooperation, gently calls for action. India and Japan have finalized an ambitious agreement on cyber-security to boost cooperation on 5G technology and critical information infrastructure, and the two countries pledged to work for a free and open Indo-Pacific with diversified supply chains. plans to setup Rs400 cr. International terrorism can not be confronted alone successfully as has been our experience so far. In News: India and Japan finalised an ambitious agreement on cyber-security to boost cooperation on 5G technology, critical information infrastructure and Artificial Intelligence, and the two countries pledged to work for a free and open Indo-Pacific with diversified supply chains. Mains paper 3:Internal Security| basics of cyber security. Ganapati Circle, Chandra Layout Comment-(GS 3), Internet governance, development, espionage, and digital privacy. Discuss the potential threats of Cyberattack and the security framework to prevent it. By Emilio Iasiello, LookingGlass Cyber Threat Intelligence Group (CTIG) I recently attended Georgetown University’s 6 th Annual International Conference on Cyber Engagement. The International Telecommunications Union ( ITU), a United Nations agency that is considered the "premier global forum through which parties work towards consensus on a wide range of issues affecting the future direction of the ICT industry" (ITU, n.d.), launched the Global Cybersecurity Agenda, which is "a framework for international cooperation aimed at enhancing confidence and security in the information … A case in point is Australia's International Cyber Engagement Strategy to enhance public-private collaboration and collaboration between countries. Comment-(GS 3) .Subscribe IASbhai ... CYBER SECURITY MAINS QUESTION: Roadmap for Digital Cooperation, gently calls for action. Facts/Keywords: 70 % increase in cases of cybercrimes in 2014 compared with 2013. India joined the Christchurch Call which brought together countries and companies to stop promoting terrorism and violent extremism through social media. India and Japan have decided to cooperate in the fields of Cyber security and Green Information & Communication Technology (ICT). He also raised the issue of abduction of Japanese nationals by North Korea and asked for early resolution of the issue. The Convention on Cybercrime, also known as the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime or the Budapest Convention, is the first international treaty seeking to address Internet and computer crime by harmonizing national laws, improving investigative techniques, and increasing cooperation … The Japanese Foreign Minister highlighted the 50 billion Yen emergency assistance loan and a 1 billion Yen grant for provision of medical support to India that will help India fight COVID-19. It's only fitting, therefore, that the fight against it be global too. The two sides will also cooperate on cyber-security at international bodies such as the UN. INDEX What is Cyber Security? 2017 Considering the threats cyberspace poses for the UPSC INTERNAL SECURITY NOTES BY IAS NETWORK - Visit IAS NETWORK to get complete guide of UPSC INTERNAL SECURITY NOTES BY IAS NETWORK now. The role of trust in international cooperation has attracted significant scholarly attention – often in the context of adherence to arms treaties. The region is home to most of the world’s Muslim population as well as India, one of the world’s likely “rising powers.”. India was reconsidering its position on becoming a member of the Budapest Convention; This was because of the surge in cybercrime, especially after a push for digital India Issues such as Internet governance, development, espionage, and digital privacy are kept out. 8 (Next to Croma Store), e-CLASSROOM LEARNING PROGRAM (e-CLP) 2021. Radicalization of Indian Youth Govt. The problems faced by Hitachi Payment Services in 2016, when malware caused the breach of financial data and comprised the data of 3.2 million debit cards in India, is one example that shows the challenge of cyber-security is a joint one and can only be tackled through joint collaboration. TOPIC: General Studies 2. Discuss the potential threats of Cyberattack and the security framework to prevent it. Mr. Jaishankar’s conveyed India’s support to finding a closure to the issue. Click to download our app. : India and Japan finalised an ambitious agreement on cyber-security to boost cooperation on 5G technology, critical information infrastructure and Artificial Intelligence, and the two countries pledged to work for a free and open Indo-Pacific with diversified supply chains. Digital technologies are expanding rapidly and are changing economies and societies at warp speed. PRE CUM MAINS ANSWER WRITING: TLP CONNECT – 2020, PRE CUM MAINS FLAGSHIP PRORGAMME: ILP – 2020. Such mechanism would facilitate quick identification of a cyber incident, accurate analysis of its impact, and global dynamic response the to The role of trust in international cooperation has attracted significant scholarly attention – often in the context of adherence to arms treaties. Value add points: Indo-Pacific Oceans’ Initiative (IPOI)Â. Geo-strategic significance of Indian Ocean: Tag:IAS UPSC IASbaba RSTV Debate, RSTV Big Picture UPSC IAS, 2nd Floor, Above Carzspa, The two Ministers also exchanged ideas on regional and global issues of “mutual interest and agreed that the strong and enduring partnership between the two countries will play a pivotal role in overcoming challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic”. To develop bilateral and multilateral relationships in the area of cyber security with other countries. Reaffirming the similarities in their respective Indo-Pacific visions, that are based on rule of law and respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, the Japanese side agreed to be the lead partner in the connectivity pillar of the Indo-Pacific Oceans’ Initiative (IPOI) and jointly take both countries’ respective visions for the Indo-Pacific forward. The agreement promotes cooperation in capacity building, research and development, security and resilience in the areas of Critical Information Infrastructure, 5G, Internet of Things (IoT), Artificial Intelligence (AI), among others. Information sharing and cooperation is an explicit strategy under the 2013 Policy. The shared principles of the U.S.-India Cyber Relationship Framework provide for the recognition of th… ... CYBER SECURITY MONEY LAUNDERING Border Area Issues NORTH EAST REGION ISSUES ORGANIZED CRIME ... Cooperation of International organisations, governments and civil society is needed to curb the … International cooperation. The Convention on Cybercrime, also known as the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime or the Budapest Convention, is the first international treaty seeking to address Internet and computer crime by harmonizing national laws, improving investigative techniques, and increasing cooperation among nations. There was an error while trying to send your request. Any disruption in traffic flow through these points can have disastrous consequences. “Cyberspace is too important to be left only to the experts.”. TOPIC: General Studies 2. As cyber threats are real threats, building mechanism for international cooperation a and partnership is an urgent task. Learn everyday with Experts!! In cyberspace, it is the best of times for some and the worst of times for others. The proliferation of asymmetric warfare (i.e., conflicts between nations or groups that have disparate military capabilities) has increased states’ use of ICTs, which necessitates the development of an international … Interview Discussions-Think Rethink & Perform (TRP), Geography Optional Mains Test Series 2020, Sociology Optional Mains Test Series 2020, Pub-Admin Optional Mains Test Series 2020, Anthropoloy Optional Mains Test Series 2020, TLP+ 2020 Mains Test Series (Mentorship based ) – UPSC 2020, INTEGRATED LEARNING PROGRAMME (Eng+Hindi) – 2021, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uSU7BRwFuEQ, [PRELIMS EXCLUSIVE] IASbaba’s Prelims Exclusive Programme (PEP) – UPSC PRELIMS 2021, India and World Bank sign USD 500 million worth project for Green National Highway Corridors, Post Matric Scholarship To Students Belonging To Scheduled Castes (PMS-SC), Medium Range Surface To Air Missile (MRSAM) launched, DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 24th December 2020. According to Nye, a country’s soft power can come from 3 sources: Culture: Able to attract other countries Posted May 11, 2016. New challenges include data protection/privacy, law enforcement in evolving cyberspace, access to data stored overseas, misuse of social media platforms, international cooperation on cybercrime & cyber terrorism, and so on. The Objectives and Strategies Outlined in The National Cyber Security Policy The Indian Ocean is home to many choke points, such as the Straits of Hormuz, Straits of Malacca, Lombok and the Sunda Straits. Roadmap for Digital Cooperation | UPSC : Roadmap for Digital Cooperation, gently calls for action. Indian Prime Minister at the East Asia Summit (2019). We need a better understanding of the global cyberspace architecture . “Indian Cyber Coordination centre” a cyber-crime control hub. International Relations Soft Power Coined by American political scientist Joseph Nye, soft power is defined as the ability of an actor to change the behaviour of another actor to achieve a favourable end through attraction rather than coercion. The National Cyber Security Policy document outlines a roadmap to create a … development of associated norms and institutions. Examine. Mains level: This article deals with Why Cybersecurity in India needs to be integrated in every aspect of policy and planning. IASbhai will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing. Each state applies its laws to national networks, consistent with its international commitments. 5th Anniversary of Paris Agreement | UPSC, Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 23rd Dec 2020, Great Indian Bustards : Firefly Bird Diverter | UPSC, Iran Nuclear Deal framework 2015-2020 | UPSC, Explained : Nepal’s Political Crisis 2020 | UPSC, The greatness of Srinivasa Ramanujan | UPSC, Current Affairs News Analysis for UPSC | 22nd Dec 2020. Global Groupings; International relations; In News: India and Japan finalised an ambitious agreement on cyber-security to boost cooperation on 5G technology, critical information infrastructure and Artificial Intelligence, and the two countries pledged to work for a free and open Indo-Pacific with diversified supply chains.. The people of Bangladesh, Comoros, Indonesia, Maldives, and Sri Lanka get more than half of the animal protein in their diets from fish. No reasons or principle contain it or stand against it.” –Jane Smiley, Syed Akbaruddin has served as India’s Permanent Representative at the United Nations, Better arrangements and intense partnerships, but with extra safeguards, are needed in a more contested domain. Status of India Challenges International Convention on Cybercrime Government Initiatives Way Forward UPSC Questions Cyberspace and Internet: Blessing or curse to the human civilization in the long run 2016. The two sides will also cooperate on cyber-security at international bodies such as the UN. India and different international Blocs INDIA-ASEAN India recently celebrated 25 years of partnership with ASEAN and has elevated its relationship to strategic level in the past 5 years. UPSC 2019 International Relations MCQs:-Download PDF Here. Generally the growth of technology is way ahead of the. The Convention on Cybercrime, also known as the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime or the Budapest Convention, is the first international treaty seeking to address Internet and computer crime by harmonizing national laws, improving investigative techniques, and increasing cooperation among nations Hi friends! –> will check cyber-crime especially child porno and online abuse. Cyberspace has multiple stakeholders, not all of which are states. The Indian Ocean also is home to the world’s two newest nuclear weapons states, India and Pakistan, as well as Iran, which most observers believe has a robust program to acquire nuclear weapon. Related Test on Current Affairs & GK Maritime Security, Maritime Ecology, Maritime Resources, Disaster Risk Reduction and Management, Maritime Transport, etc. Cyber crime is a global problem. Significance: It will build on an existing dialogue with Japan at a time when both countries face challenges from hacking and other threats emanating from countries such as China and North Korea. Information sharing and cooperation. A large volume of international long haul maritime cargo from the Persian Gulf, Africa and Europe transits through this ocean. IASbhai is a premier IAS institute serving the nation by producing the best civil servants who can contribute the HIGHEST STANDARDS OF ADMINISTRATION to build  NEW INDIA. Reiterated that the Indo-Pacific region has become more important in the current global circumstances, and reaffirmed similarities in their vision.Â. UPSC MCQs – International Relations. The U.K. has agreed to assist in developing the proposed National Cyber Crime Coordination Centre in India. The ministers emphasised that a free, open and inclusive Indo-Pacific region must be premised on diversified and resilient supply chains; and in this context, welcomed the Supply Chain Resilience Initiative between India, Japan, Australia and other like-minded countries. The present cyber threat landscape poses challenges due to rapid technological developments. Indian Ocean is also important because of the industrial raw materials it possesses including lithium, nickel, cobalt, tin, manganese, phosphate etc, Forty per cent of the world’s offshore oil production takes place in the Indian Ocean basin. Globally, we need to partake in shaping cybernorms. CONTEXT. As mentioned in my previous article, questions in the UPSC interview can be asked from any topic of General Studies.Internal Security and Disaster Management are the most debated topics of today and certain questions are surely expected from them. Suggest amendments, if required, in cyber laws to keep pace with fast changing technologies and International cooperation To coordinate all activities related to implementation of Mutual Legal Assistance Treaties (MLAT) with other countries related to cybercrimes in consultation with the concerned nodal authority in MHA 2 ICANN Security and Stability Working Group https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/ssac-2012-02-25-en Global Cooperative Cyber Defense and Center of Excellence India’s relationship with ASEAN is pivotal to the success of the Act East Policy which seeks multi-dimensional cooperation with ASEAN countries. For International Relations part of IAS Prelims, aspirants should be thoroughly prepared with Current Events and important treaties and policies which impacted India’s stand on the global stage. [New Batch] IASbaba’s Courses- UPSC 2021 : e-CLP, ILP, AIPTS, TLP Connect- ADMISSIONS OPEN! The Indo-Asia-Pacific region is the greatest maritime-littoral space that has the largest concentration of population, resources, developing economies, congested sea lanes, and contested territorial spaces. Microsoft-initiated Cybersecurity Tech Accord. ESSAY (Philosophical)ENRICHMENT SESSION by SUNIL OBEROI IAS (Retd.)! The two countries also pledged to work for a free and open Indo-Pacific with diversified supply chains.Â. Status of India Challenges International Convention on Cybercrime Government Initiatives Way Forward UPSC Questions Cyberspace and Internet: Blessing or curse to the human civilization in the long run 2016. Generally the growth of technology is way ahead of the development of associated norms and institutions. Need for international cooperation to tackle cyber crime. terrorism and violent extremism through social media. Threat assessmentspredict that the next major international crisis could be due to a state or terrorist group weaponizing ICTs to devastate critical infrastructure or military logistics networks. Landmark: Just 50m from Karol Bagh Metro Station, GATE No. All nations must join hands to combat it. It will map trends in digital technologies, identify gaps and opportunities and outline proposals for strengthening international cooperation. INDEX What is Cyber Security? From UPSC perspective following things are important: Prelims level: Ransomware. The proposed cyber-security agreement will promote cooperation in capacity building, research and development. Comment. Don’t lose out on any important Post and Update. The National Cyber Security Policy 2013 aims at (1) facilitating the creation of secure computing environment (2) enabling adequate trust and confidence in electronic transactions and (3) guiding stakeholders actions for the protection of cyberspace. Cyber awareness must be spread and there should be multi-stakeholder approach- technological inputs, legal inputs, strengthening law enforcements, systems and then dealing with transborder crime involves lot of international cooperation. You can also find us on Twitter and Facebook. Countries have to cooperate by intelligence exchange, joint operations, and investigations. Highlighted the need for robust and resilient digital and cyber systems and in this context, welcomed the finalisation of the text of the cyber-security agreement. Covers critical information infrastructure, including infrastructure for banks and payment systems, telecommunications and internet, nuclear reactors and energy transmission systems, transport systems such as air traffic control, and water supply systems. International Relations for UPSC IAS Main Exam : India and UK ... • Both countries expressed interest to initiate negotiations on civil nuclear cooperation and cooperate in cyber security. Please try again. 2017 Considering the threats cyberspace poses for the These are all essential for the functioning of the economy, polity and society. Objective: The cyber security dialogue will attempt to cut down the risk of threats from cyberspace to international security and strengthen the bilateral cooperation in tackling cyber crime. It will focus on cyber-bullying, abuse rise, fake news, cyber crime and security aspects. Q 1. The Indian Ocean is home to important SLOCs and maritime choke points. Critical Information Infrastructure (CII) Critical Information Infrastructure (CII) is defined as those facilities, systems or functions whose incapacity or destruction would cause a debilitating impact on national security, governance, economy and social well-being of a nation. “In my experience, there is only one motivation, and that is desire. Information and communications technology (ICT) presents one of the most critical modern challenges to global security. We are approaching the final stage of UPSC Civil Services Exam i.e. The announcement is expected to draw the attention of the stakeholders in the Indian 5G sector as it gets ready to open up for international operators and especially since there is lack of clarity on possible participation of Chinese technology majors in the 5G arena. Over 6 lakh users. Roadmap for Digital Cooperation | UPSC : Roadmap for Digital Cooperation, gently calls for action. Highlights. China has been accused of hacking health-care institutions in the United States. This decision was announced after India-Japan Joint Working Group Meeting on ICT held at New Delhi.. Joint Working Group Meeting on ICT between two countries announced to work and implement following five areas- The cooperation pillar focuses on inter-agency and public-private partnerships, information sharing networks, and cooperative agreements. If you liked this article, then please subscribe to our YouTube Channel for Daily Current Affairs , Editorial Analysis & Answer writing video tutorials. But though having a unified global front in the fight against cyber crime is the ideal situation for actually keeping hackers at bay, it's also a dubious proposition, since it calls for a huge degree of cooperation among different nations. Consequently, as an answer to the increasing international nature of cyber crime, the Indian government has entered into cyber security collaborations with countries such as the USA, European Union and Malaysia. the Interview/ Personality Test Stage. Flow through these points can have disastrous consequences 2021: e-CLP, ILP, AIPTS, TLP ADMISSIONS! Arms treaties Cybersecurity in India needs to be integrated in every aspect of Policy and planning cyberspace too! 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